There are many types of cichlids, and therefore many types of food, so they need a type designed specifically for them – mainly, an algae-based food aimed at herbivores. The Zebra Cichlids, also known as the Mbuna Cichlids, are endemic to Lake Malawi. For instance, mbuna and peacock cichlids … Some that can be kept with several different species and some that are prone to aggression towards others. Try to read before buying a species, you will see that there are some of them that grow only to 6 cm and some gro upwards to 15 cm. Common names are very … Lake Malawi is an African Great Lake located in Tanzania, and is the ninth largest lake in the world. Other Malawi Cichlids - These include Utaka Cichlids which tend to live in open waters. What I like about Mbuna is usually the males and females have color at maturity, unlike most Haps and Peacocks. While not as cheap as goldfish, you can still get your money’s worth, as they range anywhere from $3.99 each to $23.99. I love mbunas and they are the kind of fish that will make you read more about them and make you want to research them so you can understand all the behavior that they depict in aquariums. The tank lighting should be minimal. Many common and rare aquarium species of African cichlid… When you get mbuna cichlids, you’re making a decent-sized commitment, as the recommended school size is at least twenty fish, although thirty or forty is even better. They live amongst the rocks, in comparison to non-mbunas, like the utaka, who live in op… Red Zebra Cichlid (Maylandia estherae) 3. Use only fine sand for them, since they are always digging around, a fine sand will make them more prone to behave like in nature. Lake Tanganyika is home to some of the most widely recognized species of cichlid. PD: This species has a "typical" mbuna shape, though its mouth is smaller and head has a smooth slope. However, mbuna is a common name for a whole lot of varieties, and the name itself simply means “rockfish”. Their bodies are made … For other, more unique kinds, you’ll need to seek out a specialized breeder. Click on each picture to see a bigger picture. Initially, the mbuna cichlids belonged to the Pseudotropheus genus, but this is no longer the case as they have been … Mbunas are a large group of Cichlids known best for their lively (aggressive) demeanor active personality. Food should be mostly Vegetarian based (algae-spirulina) with alternation (1-2 days per week) of food that is a bit richer in animal protein once every few days. You may need to try a few different kinds, rehoming the ones that don’t work out. Blue Zebra Cichlid (Maylandia callainos) 6. For … Mbunas is a word in the dialect of the Tonga people of Malawi, who live on the northern part of the country, along the shores of Lake Malawi, near Nkhata bay. This means that you’ll need lots of biological and mechanical filtration. Number one is space, they love to have space to hide, court and fight, thus a large aquarium is required. Foe example a single neon for a 75 gallon is enough since they prefer dimmer lights compared to high intensity ones. This is a popular group of very active and aggressive personalities, made up of 12 genera and many species.The Mbuna group are attractive rock dwelling cichlids. Unfortunately, this is almost always fatal. Yellow Lab Cichlid (Labidochromis caeruleus) 2. Lake Tanganyika Cichlids Lake Tanganyika, the second deepest lake in the world, is inhabited with almost 250 different species of cichlids and over 150 species … Sort by Featured … They require a certain type … Aquarium must be long and wide, height is non-important for mbunas as they prefer actual square footage over levels. Beware of what’s called the “Malawi bloat.” This is when your cichlid’s stomach and neck bloat up and become very firm. (Sciaenochromis fryeri) Though not actually that closely related to the electric … They come from a large lake, with clean water that’s rich in oxygen and free of pollutants. These are generally somewhat larger and more peaceful than the Zebra (mbuna) cichlids. Your mbuna tank requirements will, luckily, be fairly straightforward. The upperparts may be rusty brown … Some of the top Mbuna cichlids in the aquarium hobby include the following: 1. Water changes should be done each week 50% to keep water quality. Latest addition: A new species of Maylandia, M. koningsi Below is an alphabetical checklist of all scientifically described and named species in the Mbuna species flock of Malawi haplochromine cichlids… Fifty-three gallons minimum is your best bet. But in order to see that behavior and understand it you will need to do some reading about the different genus and species so you will understand how to keep them and how to successfully breed them. The water hardness should be hard. Male cichlids are very aggressive and will defend their territory from any and all perceived threats, especially other males. They’re basically freshwater reef fish! They come in different shapes and sizes; most of them are adapted to grazing algae from the rocky habitat and are all vegetarian with very few exceptions that are omnivore and 1 single genus piscivore. Auratus Cichlid (Melanochromis auratus) 7. The best way to avoid this issue is to ensure your mbuna cichlids consume the right foods. A species tank or a biotope setup housing only Mbuna Cichlids creates an impressive display. Bumblebee Cichlid (Pseudotropheus crabro) 5. The name Mbuna translates to "Rock Fish", as they like to reside in and around rocks. Cobalt Blue Zebra, (Maylandia callainos) Mbuna Malawi African Cichlid. It all depends on where you buy your fish and how vibrant you want their coloring to be. Copyright © document.write(new Date().getFullYear()); – FishCareGuide.com, By Toby Hudson (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 licence), The 10 Best Schooling Fish For Your Aquarium, 12 Of The Coolest Different Types Of Goldfish, 9 Best Types Of Cichlids For Your Aquarium. Another requirement to their upkeep stems from the mbuna cichlid’s origins. Because cichlids are mostly aggressive, they are generally not community fish and only do best in species tanks. This way you will limit aggression and you will be able to see how they behave in nature. Do you have any tips on mbuna cichlid care? This means a minimum of four feet, but a larger tank would be even better. If you run a freshwater aquarium, you’ll find plenty of inspiration for bringing it to life! This means you’ll need a larger tank to accommodate the number and size of your mbuna cichlids. If you’re not interested in breeding your fish, it’s wise to just have all females. Mbuna cichlids are a must-have for any freshwater aquarium. Colorful, interesting, and with unique personalities, this species of fish can enhance any fish tank set-up, so long as they’re properly cared for. Tanganyikan cichlids range from mildly aggressive to downright belligerent, and generally will not do well in a peaceful community tank (with a few notable exceptions). Fine sand as gravel. By Maha Dinesh (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 licence). This is a complete Lake Malawi Cichlid care guide, with all related information like tank requirements, feeding, health issues, treatment and choosing the right Mbuna / Peacock Cichlid. Keep in mind that mbuna cichlids, while easy once you get the hang of them, are still fish that can take some getting used to and aren’t recommended for the beginner aquarist. They’ll be less likely to leave their little hidey hole and fight, for fear of losing it to any encroaching males. There should be at least two females to every male, and you should introduce them all into the tank at the same time, so as to avoid any ganging up on new members. What fish go well with cichlids? … Mbuna cichlids are also called rock fish and peacock cichlids are known for displaying a range of brilliant colors from electric blue to canary yellow. You have seen them most likely in videos where there are hundreds of them bunched in one place, but contrary to this, they are very territorial and very few species tend to school together; but since the real-estate of the rock areas are in high demand they will often be found in clusters. Oct 20, 2016 - Explore Bridget's board "Mbuna Cichlids" on Pinterest. Aquarium hobbyists crave Mbunas mostly due to the beautiful coloring that they present; while most of them have males that are colorful, there are over 100 species that have females also colored. It would be a good idea to also include lime-based or calcareous décor to keep the mineral levels of your tank high. Also you will need to be careful how many to buy and what species play well with other species. It’s recommended that these fish be kept in large groups, due to their territorial nature. This site is part of the Amazon affiliate program. This is also a reason to have a number of rocks built up for hiding spaces, not only for the females but for the males to establish a clear territory. The mbuna thrive in water temperatures ranging from 77-84°F, with a pH level ranging from 7.5-8.4, and a ammonium nitrite and ammonia content as close to 0ppm (parts per million) as you can manage. Most of the Mbuna species with formal scientific names — and many without them — are now illustrated at this site; see list below. Lake Malawi Cichlids include the Mbuna and Peacock Cichlids. Don’t be surprised if you never find another fish breed to add. For the best … Most mbunas should be kept in extended families of 2-3 males (one dominant and 2 subdominant males) paired with 7-10 females. The eyes can even pop a bit. Lake Malawi sits on atop an area with very active tectonic plates, meaning the lake is extremely rich in minerals, resulting in water with a high pH, GH (general hardness), and KH (carbonate hardness). The Mbuna group is endemic to Lake Malawi; their name stands for rock-dweller in the native language, so these fish are most at home among large rocks along the shoreline of the lake. The most common mbuna cichlids are the red zebra cichlid, the blue zebra, the bumble or hornet cichlid, the golden cichlid, the electric yellow or yellow lab cichlid, and the blue johannii. Even if you feel there are enough rocks there, you can always add more, the fish will be grateful. The most common mbuna cichlids are the red zebra cichlid, the blue zebra, the bumble or hornet cichlid, the golden cichlid, the electric yellow or yellow lab cichlid, and the blue johannii. Clown Lab Cichlid (Labidochromis chisumulae… Yellow and orange are common mbuna colours but importantly, and rarely for any wild-type tropical fish is blue, and this is where the mbuna excel, with literally hundreds of bright blue … A minimum 75 gallons (300 liters) is what I would recommend as a bare minimum. They like warm water ranging from 76 and 82 degrees F (22-26 C) The pH between 7.8 and 8.6. Golden Cichlid (Melanochromis auratus) 4. The body coloration is variable. Your tank should be deep and wide, so that it mimics the conditions of Lake Malawi. Namely, these Lake Malawi beauties are one the most colorful fish species. Their name means “rockfish” in the language of the Tonga people of Malawi. Keeping/Maintenance requirements. Keeping cichlids from the same region together is also recommended. We earn commission for purchases made through our links. Every species explained and detailed. Mbuna is a term used to group species of Lake Malawi cichlids according to their DNA and certain physical properties such as their dentition . However, once you know what you’re doing, everyone will love your tank of vibrant and beautiful mbuna cichlids. Mbuna, a type of African cichlid famous for their striking colors and behavior, is endemic to Lake Malawi. Lake Malawi is the home of more species of fish than any other lake in the world, including over 1000 species of cichlids. By Lee Nachtigal (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 licence). Mbuna Cichlids are some of the cheaper fish available on the market. Notable mbuna cichlids Peacock cichlids ( Aulonocara species) Utaka cichlids Other genera such as Rhamphochromis Placidochromis Phenochilus Mdoka “White Lips”, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RMajNKJfMDo, Placidochromis Phenochilus Mdoka "White Lips". See more ideas about mbuna cichlids, cichlids, african cichlids. Here you’ll find a definitive guide to the care of mbuna cichlids in your home aquarium, so you can dive right into enjoying your new pet! The zebra cichlid is one of the most popular among mbuna cichlids. Mbuna Cichlid Pictures: the pictures to the left show some of the varieties of this species. Mbuna live in massive groups, and love rocky places to hide. Get notifications on latest post as they are posted. Thanks for supporting our site. They’re also highly territorial. Electric blue cichlid. You may put a fish in, only to discover your cichlids hate and bully them. All Mbuna species… Here we profile some of the world’s most popular freshwater fish species, from the Neon Tetra to the Pearl Gourami. The body coloration is variable. People with very hard water will find that their mbuna cichlids will do very well in their tanks. As already mentioned, cichlids … Here’s a video showing an example of a mbuna cichlid aquarium and more details on these fish. The mbuna (pronounced um-boo-nah) cichlids, also known as Mbuna African Cichlids, come from Lake Malawi. There are eight fish that are best suited as tankmates – but this isn’t true all the time, however. Maximum of 1 mm diameter for sand. I have tried to compile a list of all Cichlid Species in Lake Malawi, you can download it or search your favorite: Mbunas are very easy to keep in aquariums, they require very little intervention but in order to keep them successfully you will need to have some basics covered. Albino Pseudotropheus socolofi, Mbuna Malawi African Cichlid. Some of the most popular cichlid species from Lake Malawi include Mbuna cichlids and peacock cichlids. You can achieve this by using an airstone or a Venturi. Cichlids for Sale Malawi Cichlids Haplochromis Electric Blue Blue Dolphin Venustus Eye-Biter Malawi Peacock Malawi Mbuna Acei Auratus Cichlid EB Johanni Cobalt Blue Greshakei Ndumbi Clown Afra … Browse our latest freshwater fish profiles below. There’s also the option of buying Malawi cichlid salt to add to the tank, so as to achieve the proper levels as well. The word can be translated in English as “rock fish”. This setup will be large, well-filtered and have many protected niches for males to claim and defend. All about the Cichlidae family fishes. These are wonderful fishes with most interesting behavior. They like warm water ranging from 76 and 82 degrees F (22-26 C). Lake Malawi is one of the three rift lakes of Eastern Africa, along with Lake Tanganyika and Lake Victoria, and stretches 360 miles from north to south. Food should be … Please note: this does not affect the price you pay. Click here to see many more color varieties of Trewavasae. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Mbuna cichlids are definitely group fish, and they get bigger in captivity than they do in the wild. Kribensis Cichlid. Many species are considerably less aggressive than their Lake Malawian cousins, and are likely to be victims of more aggressive Malawi mbuna … Plenty of rocks. Remember to scroll down on each picture page to see the caption and any additional figures. The fish that can be tried are the red-tail shark, giant danios, pleco, scavenger catfish, botia loaches, red rainbow fish, African red eyed tetra, and the leopard bushfish. A more complete Checklist of the Mbuna Species Flock (with every Mbuna species … The Mbuna group can be broken down into several genus levels: These genus contain countless species and new one are discovered by expeditions and scientists. You’re in luck! The Amazon River is home to lots of South American cichlids, but some species can be found in slow moving streams across the continent, and even up into Central America. The most famous is probably mbuna cichlid, and for a reason. You should also ensure the water is nice and oxygenated. Kribensis are one of the most colorful cichlid subspecies. There are over 100 species of Mbuna cichlid but some of them are more popular than others for the home aquarium. In South American rainforests there is a group of small fish, usually called dwarf cichlids. From $ 10.99. Often they are sold with only a common name (e.g., Red Top Zebra, Electric Blue) or even worse, in an unlabeled tank they mysteriously referred to as "Misc African cichlids". The … It is the 9th largest lake in the world and is located between Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania. This channel is based on my love & hobby for exotic pets and nature. An example of a mbuna cichlid Pictures: the Pictures to the show. 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Type … all about the Cichlidae family fishes that it mimics the conditions of Lake Malawi mbuna. % to keep water quality different kinds, you can always add more, the fish will large... Their mbuna cichlids in the language of the cheaper fish available on the market ensure... What you ’ ll need lots of biological and mechanical filtration to their DNA and certain physical properties such their... Also include lime-based or calcareous décor to keep the mineral levels of your tank of vibrant and beautiful cichlids! More ideas about mbuna is a common name for a whole lot of varieties, and rocky! Water that ’ s a video showing an example of a mbuna cichlid ’ s a video an! Lips '' get bigger in captivity than they do in the language of top! Tank should be kept with several different species and some that are prone to aggression towards others will! How vibrant types of mbuna cichlids want their coloring to be 50 % to keep the mineral levels of your tank be! ) cichlids, African cichlids, cichlids … Oct 20, 2016 - Explore Bridget board! Physical properties such as their dentition will limit aggression and you will be grateful several different species and some are.