Churchill's message was clear: sail to Britain, sail to the USA, or scuttle your ships in the next six hours. The Captains of the Spanish ships resented being under a French … -Right-wing attitudes, up to the war there had been a strong Right wing political presence in France which could easily sympathise with the newly created Vichy France, which was based on many Right wing ideals and national traditions. The French-Indian War was fought between Britain and France, along with their respective colonists and allied Indian groups, for control of land in North America. The casualty rate in British officers in particular was unusually high for naval battles of the period: of the 30 British flag … enemy that had won them over. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the AskHistorians community. im no naval expert either. The outbreak of full-scale conflict between Japan and China in July 1937 had little to do with the USA and its people. The Scharnhorst, Gneissenau and Prinz Eugen did get out and sink some convoys and did some damage, but these were never followed up and exploited. First of all anti-submarine duty is the job of destroyers, destroyer-escorts and frigates. The French ships were not able to join in an attack on British-occupied New York City because they could not get across a sandbar that blocked the entrance into the harbor. Combined with the other points you make, it makes it an attractive proposition. There are a multitude of reasons why the Official French Navy did not merge with the Free French or act in exile. The reason is not well known: it might be for its traditional attachment to the French monarchy; because, before being named "nationale", the Navy had been named "royale" (the navy did not sport the royal titles common with other European navies like the British Royal Navy); or simply because of the location of its headquarters, rue Royale in Paris Put ashore by the U.S. Navy after dawn on Sunday, November 8, 1942, these assault troops had as their objective a military airport at Port Lyautey, French Morocco. Save 50% on a BBC History Magazine or BBC History Revealed subscription When the American colonies rose against the crown in the late 18th century, Canadians did not … Fraser River Gold Rush. Naval aviation was established by the British during that war, and the Fleet Air Arm was given control of all ship-borne aircraft in 1937. The Royal Navy continued to be the world’s most powerful navy well into the 20th century. They were to be compensated by the … A battleship would have been just another target for the U-Boats". I'm not a historian, or familiar with France history save for a few ideas, but it doesn't seem like the reasons you stated, in the tone you stated, would be enough to stop an entire navy from acting against a country with world domination in it's plans. Businessmen came to recognize that their economic stake in the imperial system far outweighed any political discontent over the Quebec Act -- and that Act, after all had re-attached the valuable southwest fur domains to Canada. Cornwallis was forced to surrender to Washington and Rochambeau. Press J to jump to the feed. The next plan called for an assault on British troops at Newport, Rhode Island, with the French providing naval support to an American land force. No Admiral would be siding with the British after such a horrific act. If the French navy had sided with the Brits, history would have been different. Because Britain was militarily inferior to her enemies, her only hope of survival during a protracted war was persuading outside powers to intervene on her behalf. The Portal for Public History by domi » 20 Sep 2006, 16:50, Post Due to the nature of the peace treaty, Vichy France was the Official, legitimate government of France. Europeans didn’t arrive on the Pacific Coast in significant numbers until after the voyage of James Cook in 1778 and the mapping expedition of George Vancouver in the 1790s. The British won every battle until the final one. With one exeption, the navy of France. The lack of manpower and investment weighed heavily! French involvement in the American Revolutionary War of 1775–1783 began in 1775, when France, a hotbed of various radical Enlightenment ideas and long-term historical rival of the Kingdom of Great Britain, secretly shipped supplies to the Continental Army when it was established in June 1776. The British, more desperate than ever to prevent the Bismarck from joining the war in the Atlantic as well to avenge the loss of the Hood, had called every available ship into the hunt. Napoleon ordered the French and Spanish ships and 90,000 men out of Cadiz to do battle with the British. The dominance of the British navy was a deciding factor in the outcome of the war. Discussions on all aspects of France during the Inter-War era and Second World War. They spent an estimated $4 million worth of precious metal in doing so, further endearing themselves to the Americans. The British soldiers lost most of the battles against the disciplined American soldiers. The Scharnhorst, Gneissenau and Prinz Eugen did get out and sink some convoys and did some damage, but these were never followed up and exploited. The most important one was Dunkirk. Although they suffered far fewer casualties than the French and Spanish at Trafalgar, the British still lost 1,500–1,700 sailors dead or injured – no navy at the time could simply absorb such losses and retain operational effectiveness. George Washington's army included 17,000 troops while the British had only 9,000. At first, the French refused to speak to negotiators. The British did not send large troops to support the Royal Navy until 1814. French agents tried to get bribes from the United States and caused a scandal known as the _____. They are fast and carry the underwater detection and tracking equipment, as well as the necessary weaponry to attack and kill submarines. "I am sure that knowledge is a relief to the men crewing Ardent, Acasta, Glorious, Glowworm, Jervis Bay, Rawalpindi, the merchant crews of HX 84, SLS 64, and the unescorted merchant ships sunk by Scharnhorst and Gneisenau near Newfoundland. The armistice the French had signed with Germany stipulated that the French fleet would remain under French control, largely demilitarized and confined to harbor. Admiral Rene-Emile Godfroy: "For us Frenchmen the fact is that a government still exists in France, a government supported by a Parliament established in non-occupied territory and which in consequence cannot be considered irregular or deposed. After the fight, a fox terrier with British General William Howe’s name on its tag showed up in the Patriots’ camp. In France the law of 10 Fructidor year VI (September 5, 1798), had replaced the levies of the Revolution by a regular method of conscription which, with a few modifications, remained in force until 1815. The British Royal Navy attack on Oran in Algeria was against the French Naval Mediterranean Fleet. Several torpedo bombers sank three Italian … I can't quite tell if you are implying the event in your question, but the Mers-el-Kébir event sealed the deal. The British Navy, aided by a volunteer flotilla of nearly 900 small merchant ships, fishing vessels and pleasure boats of all sizes, sailed across the English Channel to Dunkirk as British soldiers waited for rescue on the beach. Did I make that up or were they given ships from somewhere else? As a means of accomplishing this, he planned to have a British force arrive off Mers-el-Kebir and offer Gensoul four alternatives–have the French fleet join the Roayl Navy, take the fleet to British ports with reduced crews, take the fleet to a French West Indian port or a U.S. port and be decommissioned, or sink the fleet right there in Mers-el-Kebir’s harbor. Above: The Royal Navy engaged at The Battle of Cape St Vincent, 16 January 1780. Could you elaborate a little on what "right wing attitudes" constitute when talking about pre-war France? They gave their former allies four choices: join the British fleet, sail to a British port from where those crew members that so desired would be repatriated, sail to a French possession in America or to the United States, … Then the British Empire would have fought World War Two like a Empire with the means of a Empire. It's on Netflix, but I was having trouble finding a link. -Anglophobia, there had been a long tradition of anti-British attitude, especially in the navy, built over a long period of rivalry between Britain and France in the forging of their Globe spanning Empires which naturally requires naval supremacy. What factors do you think were most influential? One British officer remembered, “Our only thoughts now were to get on a boat. Post by Steen Ammentorp » 20 Sep 2006, 19:19, Post Cruisers and destroyers (escort destroyers and frigates as well) are the primary ships for this kind of work. Occurring from 1754 to 1763, it helped trigger – and then formed part of the Seven Years War.It has also been called the fourth French-Indian war, because of three other early struggles involving Britain, France, and Indians. And from what we can guess, they were probably happy too of the anti-british feeling that this event created. France, one of the most powerful countries in the world had fell within weeks. by domi » 21 Sep 2006, 01:56, Post Why didn’t Canada join the colonies in the American Revolutionary War? After all, for over a century following the British conquest of New France in 1760, France showed no interest in the welfare of French Canadians. At least two US destroyers were torpedoed and sunk, one being the Reuben James with a large loss of life. By using our Services or clicking I agree, you agree to our use of cookies. And when war came to the Pacific, the Fleet could have deployed in defense of French Indochina and other French possessions, as well as giving critical support to the Royal Navy. There were now fears that there would be clashes on the English Channel with French fishermen if the talks did not end in an agreement. Acceptance of British Rule: When New France fell in 1760, the defeated armies, French officials, some seigneurs, and some merchants returned to France. Even if you can see it as a necessary action, put yourself in the shoes of a French sailor, it would turn your stomach. I'm just having difficulty resolving your points. From what I've read, Hitler was somewhat happy that the french fleet was down, nearly the whole french army was now neutralized, even in non-occupied territories, although the germans may have been disappointed not to have captured as much ships as possible. Due to the nature of the peace treaty, Vichy France was the Official, legitimate government of France. In their Empire the French were more despised. Can I say the same with the British press and Chirac and the French? by Christoph Awender » 19 Sep 2006, 00:48, Post Was it the "genetic hate" of the long-standing enemy, Britain, the most primary factor? Get the latest international news and world events from Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and more. In December of 1941, they Royal Navy lost both the Repulse and Prince of Wales when Japan attacked them. Additionally, such a forward action by the British showed Roosevelt that the British wouldn't roll over like the French, and were going to fight until the end. Unfortunately a combination of poor communication and a … The British could marshal superior resources against a France wracked with financial problems, and the British navy mounted successful blockades and, after the Battle of Quiberon Bay on November 20th, 1759, shattered France’s ability to operate in the Atlantic. They didn't expect political parties because they thought the leaders would work together for the sake of the country. Contrary to their assurances to the Poles Britain and France would agree to allow Russia to keep the parts of Poland seized as part of their deal with Hitler in 1939. Dated … This is an apolitical forum for discussions on the Axis nations and related topics hosted by the Axis History Factbook in cooperation with Christian Ankerstjerne’s Panzerworld and Christoph Awender's WW2 day by day. Still, there was a point in time where this scenario almost happened. "As it turned out though, the German U-Boat was the major threat at sea against the Allies. Could you please elaborate more on them? "Not being a navy expert I always thought that it was mainly the lack of technology to detect and destroy submarines in the early years which was the problem not the quantity of ships.(?)". Later that year, the Franco-American army marched 700 miles south to besiege Gen. Charles Cornwallis’ British army at Yorktown, while the French navy cut the British off from desperately needed naval supplies, reinforcements, and complete evacuation to New York. Such was his Berlin Decree of November 21, 1806, which placed the British Isles under blockade, forbidding commerce with them and authorizing the confiscation of ships suspected of trading with the British. “The ties between the people of French Canada and France had been broken long before,” Richard said. Defeatism, there was a lot of political disunity and defeatist attitude around this time. In it he appoligized for being so wrong. I would add that under the terms of the peace treaty with Germany, France would become a neutral nation in the war with full control of its navy. What he wanted was a firm French … (2019) - Quora Simply put, it would have been a violation of the armistice treaty between France and Germany, which Germany could have used as an excuse to resume hostilities. I can't quite tell if you are implying the event in your question, but the Mers-el-Kébir event sealed the deal. If the large French fleet had helped to excort those cargoe ships. (Operation Catapult I believe it was called.) I mean no disrespect. The navy was an extremely traditional portion of the military and so fitted well within the Vichy Regime. Official, legitimate government Wales when Japan attacked them no Admiral would be siding with the British press Chirac. Must have been some with reservations about joining with the battle did the... Were quite effective when compared to the French Navy just joined had happened if French! Powerful Navy well into the 20th century defeated the French Naval Mediterranean fleet say ~ now what. Be siding with the Free French or act in exile and stood by their government. And Second world War I its main mission was the major threat at sea against the disciplined soldiers! 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